Nadia Hanawi breaks into the unknowns of the “unnatural narrative” | Mohamed Al-Hamamsi

This book, “Postclassical Narrative: Abnormal Narrative” by the Iraqi critic Dr. Nadia Hanawi, is the first in the Arab world to study the science of post-classical narration and abnormal narration and to define their figures such as David Hermann, Jan Al Barr and Brian Richardson. The author pointed out in the introduction that what makes the science of post-classical narration a broad door through which various new concepts and terms pass is the author’s revival first and giving the reader a central importance second, while making the text a focus in the critical process third.

Regarding the reasons for studying this science, Dr. Hanawi says in her book, the first part of which was issued by the Abjad Institution for Translation and Publishing, “If the science of structural narration or the science of classical narration has said what is important and elaborated on the features, obligations and issues that fall into the field of narration’s art and objectivity, then the science of narration The post-classical tries to invent the new and the innovative, as if the hypotheses, concepts and perspectives that the classical narration science invented, enacted and put in place had settled and had to be changed and renewed in the sense that the post-classical narration science does not want to emulate the structural narration science, but rather seeks to distinguish it in revealing About more ambiguities of the narrative discourse, for two reasons: the first to describe itself as a post-classical, and the other to have its projects and schools similar to the previous projects and schools.

The thesis of the book, according to Hanawi, is based on two pillars: the first is theorizing of post-classical narration and a statement of its critical capacity that makes it broader than defining it technically from narration conventions, and deeper than simply looking at it as a new, post-modern conception that contrasts with another science, which is classical narration, and the second pillar It is the study of non-natural narrative as a post-classical narrative science concerned with counter-traditional narratives in understanding and depicting the world that presents the reader with narrative impossible strategies in seeing the actual world.

And she adds, “If the natural narration is based on the hypothesis of matching what is real within a communicative context similar to real life situations, then the hypothesis of unnatural narration is based on not reproducing the world in its direct form, but rather expressing it in an illusory manner governed by principles that have nothing to do with the real world around us. But with cognitive understanding that reinforces the synthesis between narration and reason, reconstructing mental comprehension is a form of communication with this narration.This makes abnormal narration more challenging to plot, because the narrative communication with implausible things in the real world remains dependent on understanding awareness of the unreasonable.

Among the theorists of the unnatural narrative that Dr. Hanawi studied and defined were Henrik Nelson, Jan Barr, Beo Chang and Stefan Emberson. The most important of them is the critic Brian Richardson, who has the concept of anti-narrative, in which he tried to contradict the Aristotelian hypothesis about imitation, and it is no longer important to say that literature is a mirror of nature; Rather, the most important thing is not to neglect the anti-natural and unreasonable literary works.

Dr. confirms. Hanawi in her study of the critics of unnatural narration that their visions, perceptions and hypotheses have not yet fermented, and they still continue to write in it, but it remains a science that opens the door towards reconsidering a wide segment of the history of literature and categories of submerged, hidden and unimportant literary models; But also in the sources of inspiration that non-natural narratives provide for writers in which they find new ways to master the fascination and delusion.

The book includes four chapters with an introduction and a conclusion. The first chapter is entitled “The Anglo-American School in Parallel to the French School.” Un-natural Narratology, detailing its most important applications spread in many medieval and Renaissance narratives, which entails a renewal in the study of the relationships and activities that are related to narrative production and the functionality of its internal structure with its three sides “the narrator, the narrative and the narrative to it.”

The second chapter is entitled “On Post-Classical Narrative Science” and contains three sections, the first of which is entitled “David Hermann, founder of post-classical narration”, the second with “Brian Richardson and the science of unnatural narration”, and the third with “Other post-classical theorists”. The last section is a breakdown of the propositions of a number of unnatural narrative theorists, the most important of which are: Monica Flodrank, Robin Warhol, Catherine Romagnolo, Jean Albert, Beo Chang and John Heglund.

If the previous two chapters were concerned with the theoretical aspect, then the third chapter came in practice and contains representations on Arab and foreign stories and novels and bears the title “On Unnatural Narrative Techniques.” As for the fourth chapter, “Articles for Clarification” it was specialized in critiquing criticism through response and protest in the field of narrative theory and circulation its concepts.

The feature of the book “Postclassical Narrative Science: Abnormal Narrative” is not only in its new thesis, which deals with a science that is still being studied in its western incubator, but also in its references, most of which are published in the English language, and it was reinforced by Dr. Nadia Hanawi thesis of her book on the one hand and introduced the Arab reader to it on the other hand.

The book’s references can be divided into two parts: a section dealing with post-classical narration, such as the book “Narratologies: New Perspectives on Narrative Analysis” (1999) by David Hermann. The Chicago School of Literary Criticism and Neo-Aristotelianism and the methods it adopts of textual analysis according to Norman Friedman and Wayne Booth and his talk about the questionable narrator and the implied author, 2012.

And what Dr. Hanawi also mentioned from David Herman’s books: “Theory and Interpretation of Narrative: Narrative Theory, Basic Concepts and Critical Discussions” 2012, and the book “The Cambridge Companion to Narrative,” edited by David Herman, and published in English in 2007 in four parts, and then printed several editions, the last of which was in 2012 The book “Theory and Interpretation of Narrative: Narrative Theory, Basic Concepts and Critical Discussions” was co-authored with David Herman by James Phelan, Peter J. Rabinovich, Brian Richardson and Robin Warhol. The book was published in its first English edition by Ohio University in 2012.

The second section of the references is concerned with abnormal narration, and one of the most important references that Dr. Hanawi was interested in is a joint book entitled “Abnormal Narrative: Extensions, Revisions and Challenges” edited by Jean Alber and Brian Richardson and published in 2020, and the book “Abnormal Narrative: Impossible Worlds in Fiction and Drama” by Jan Albrosser in 2016. .

It is noteworthy that the author confirmed that she will follow this book with a second part that will focus on the same section, that is, the study of post-classical narration and its project in abnormal narration.