Between Adeeb Al-Shishakli and Hamad Obaid

The new book is not the first about Shishakli’s life. It was preceded by a book “From the Secrets of Shishakli” by Nadim Abu Ismail, issued in 1954, a few months after the fall of Shishakli’s rule in Syria. Prince Hassan al-Atrash, one of the leaders of the opposition against the rule of the late Syrian president, presented it to him on that day. .
In the eighties, a second book was published in Damascus entitled “Adeeb Al-Shishakli: The Beginning and the End” by the Syrian journalist Hani Al-Khair, followed in 2012 by a third book entitled “The Third Military Coup in Syria” by the journalist Mazen Sabbagh.
The importance of the new edition is that authors Fana and al-Barazi resort to thousands of American documents related to the Shishakli period, whether during his indirect rule (December 1949 – July 1953) or during his time in office (July 1953 – February 1954).
In the new book, we find many details about Shishakli’s early life and his family, documented by Mr. Bassam al-Barazi, the nephew of President Shishakli, who knew him closely and corresponded with him during the latter’s years in his long exile.
But the most important thing in the book of Messrs. Fana and al-Barazi is the clear accusation of former Defense Minister Hamad Obeid, one of the leaders of the Baath Party, of liquidating President al-Shishakli in Brazil on September 27, 1964.
The story of Nawaf Ghazaleh.

It is well known that Shishakli was assassinated in his permanent exile in Brazil, more than ten years after leaving power in Syria. The killer turned himself in to the Brazilian authorities, and a young Syrian Druze at the time, who was from the village of Malha in the Suwayda Governorate, was called Nawaf Ghazaleh.
The Druze united celebrated him a lot on that day, considering that he avenged them and their sect, after Shishakli had bombed their cities and villages before he left power in 1954.
Upon his escape from Syria, Shishakli had initially sought refuge in Lebanon, but soon went to Saudi Arabia when the Lebanese Druze leader, Kamal Jumblatt, threatened to assassinate him if he remained on Lebanese soil.
Upon the death of Nawaf Ghazaleh in 2005, thousands of Druze went out to receive his coffin from Brazil, draped with the Syrian flag (it was done by the Assad regime authorities), and the Lebanese leader Walid Jumblatt referred to him with admiration in one of his speeches.
This situation raised the astonishment of many Syrians on that day, how can a criminal convicted of killing a president be celebrated!!?
The new book explains that Nawaf Ghazaleh was close to Adib al-Shishakli and that his hand shook at the moment of the assassination, “as if he was accused of killing one of his friends.”
Some said that he addressed the president, saying: “This is from Sultan Pasha al-Atrash,” which is inaccurate and undocumented. The only certainty is that Nawaf Ghazaleh killed the president in revenge for the martyrs of Jabal al-Druze, and here enters the hypothesis that Minister Hamad Obeid was behind the assassination, and he is also a Druze like Nawaf Ghazaleh, who witnessed the Jabal al-Druze massacre in 1953, when he was twenty-five years old, and he remained resentful of Shishakli. because of her.
Who is the killer Hamad Obeid? .

For those who do not mention Hamad Obeid, he was born in 1928, and his father, Nayef, was one of the martyrs of the Great Syrian Revolution, which Sultan Pasha al-Atrash led against the French during the years 1925-1927.
Hamad Obeid was an admirer of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, and he joined the Military Committee of the Baath Party, which was formed during the time of Syrian-Egyptian unity (1958-1961).
He opposed the secession coup on September 28, 1961, and was arrested in April 1962 for his involvement in a coup attempt against President Nazim al-Qudsi.
He remained imprisoned until the March 8, 1963 coup, which brought the Baathists to power, and on June 30, 1963, he was charged with establishing and leading the National Guard, to protect the “revolution” from its enemies.
He also took command of the 16th Brigade and became a member of the Baath Party’s regional leadership. From these sensitive sites, he participated in the suppression of the Muslim Brotherhood revolution in the city of Hama in April 1964, which was led by Marwan Hadid against the Baath state.
Hamad Obaid ordered the bombing of the city of Hama with cannons and dealt with the Hamwis with excessive violence, which the Dutch historian Nicholas Van Dam considered as revenge against the city that gave birth to Adib al-Shishakli, and supported his military campaign on the Druze Mountain 11 years ago.
On September 23, 1965, Hamad Obaid was named Minister of Defense in the government of Dr. Youssef Zain, which lasted until December 27 of the same year.
He participated in Major General Salah Jadid’s coup against President Amin al-Hafiz on February 23, 1966, and he wanted to be renamed Minister of Defense, but Major General Jadid assigned this sensitive position to Major General Hafez al-Assad, which made Obaid move to the opposition ranks.
He tried to carry out a counter-coup against Salah Jadid. He was arrested and put on trial, after which he was transferred to a pension and dismissed from all party and military positions.
Hamad Obeid died in Al-Basel Hospital in Dummar on 5 June 2005, taking all his secrets with him to the grave.
One of these secrets was revealed today in the book “Adeeb Al-Shishakli: The Hidden Truth,” quoting Officer Manaf Al-Hindi, who was working in the Syrian Embassy in Brazil during the 1960s.
The book says that Manaf Al-Hindi met with Hamad Obaid after his dismissal in 1967 at the house of lawyer Saeed Al-Sayyid (the governor of Homs during the Shishakli period and brother of the Baathist leader Jalal Al-Sayyid).
Al-Hindi asked him about the fact that Al-Shishakli had been killed by the Druze, and his answer was: “Yes, it is true… We are the ones who ordered the liquidation of Adib Al-Shishakli. He added with confidence and pride: “We as a sect and a minority will not allow anyone to persecute us… Adib al-Shishakli persecuted us and we must prevent what might expose us to any potential dangers in the future, and close the door on any movement or behavior that would persecute the Druze.”
He added: “I am the one who ordered his killing… I do not fear the blame of a blamer, and I am not afraid to reveal it, but rather I am proud.”

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